Zambia Profile

The Republic of Zambia, with its population of some thirteen million people, is situated in southern Africa bordered by the Democratic Republic of Congo to its north, Tanzania to its north-east, Malawi to its east, and Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to its south with Angola to its west. The Zambia (named after the Zambezi river that flows through the country) was one of Africa's richest countries up until its independence from the United Kingdom in 1964 not least because of its rich copper mining and export heritage. However following independence, Zambia followed the route of so many emerging African nations with one party installing itself in power and opposition parties suppressed.

Zambia's first president, Kenneth David Kaunda pursued this route and his socialist policies severely damaged the country's economy and infrastructure which was already under resourced at the time of independence. By 1991 civil unrest forced multi party elections with Frederick Chiluba becoming president. Today Zambia is a relatively stable multi-party democracy although serious challenges face the country.

Such challenges include widespread poverty, low life expectancy of 49yrs not least because of the high prevalence of AIDS and the high numbers of orphans in the country ~ 30% of all children in Zambia under the age of 15 are orphans.

Many of them head towards urban areas simply to survive by begging, forced labour and/or sexual exploitation. One fifteen year old boy described the lifestyle: "I have lived like this since 2001 when my parents died. I sleep in ditches. If I see people carrying plastic bags, I ask to help. They give anything, maybe 1,000 kwacha [UK 18p], maybe more."

There is so much work needed to be undertaken with children in Zambia to get them off the streets into safe environments, into school so that they can get an education and to develop a better awareness of HIV/AIDS. For more information about Zambia check our profile pages below.



 
 
 
 
 

Zambia Profile

Zambia Profile

Zambia Profile

Zambia Profile

 


Zambia History

Zambia History

A video documentary and timeline about the history of Zambia from early times to the present day.
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Lake Tanganyika

Lake Tanganyika

A short video about Lake Tanganyika, the world's longest lake and second deepest.
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Volunteer Zambia

Volunteer Work Zambia

Check out all the latest African volunteer work placements and opportunities in Zambia.
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Zambia Profile

Zambia Profile

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Zambia is in 163rd place out of 186 countries and territories in 2013 when ranked in terms of life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living standards of a country being below other sub Saharan countries and also below low human development.

Find out more about Zambia in a series of articles and videos together with news about Zambia.

 
 


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