Somalia Profile

Somalia has a rich sea faring history, and is home of the ancient kingdom of Punt. Between 1896 and 1920 it was known as the Dervish State and it became an ally of the German empire during the first world war.

In 1920 it was defeated by the British and areas of it became a British protectorate, although the entire country was never formally colonised. Italy too acquired parts of what is now Somalia, and following the countries independence in 1960, the two became one as the Somali Democratic Republic.

In 1969 a coup installed Mohamed Siad Barre as

president, and, although a harsh socialist regime then ruled the country until its collapse in 1991, many improvements were made to the country, particularly in the field of literacy.

Armed and supported by Ethiopia, clans from across Somalia brought down the governing regime, but this civil war badly affected food distribution, leaving an estimated third of a million people dead. Since that time the country has been in almost perpetual conflict with no real rule of any government. Even the United Nations withdrew, considering the area too unsafe to operate in.

The area known as Puntland is now effectively a pirate state and piracy is that area's main economy. Somalia is now fractionalised and in dispute with itself and its neighbours over borders and territories with prospects for peace low with daily outbreaks of fighting across the land and particularly around the capital city of Mogadishu. Such is the situation in Somalia that when ranked in terms of life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living standards of a country Somalia is merely 'not applicable'.

The life expectancy in Somalia is just 48 years of age, and as such, 44% of the country's population are children under the age of fifteen. Of those over fourteen just 37.8% are literate and 71% of all children suffer from malnourishment. Shockingly, an estimated 200,000 Somalia children are believed to have taken up arms during the conflict there.



 
 
 
 
 
 


Somalia Profile

Somalia Profile

Somalia Profile

Somalia Profile

 


History Somalia

History Somalia

A video about the history of Somalia, a once great sea faring trading nation.

More >

 


Mogadishu Pictures

Mogadishu Pictures

Pictures of Mogadishu in ancient times when it was a rich trading station and today.
More >

 


Volunteer Somalia

Volunteer Work Somalia

Check out all the latest African volunteer work placements and opportunities in Somalia.
More >

 
 

Somalia Profile

Somalia Profile

Previous Auto/Stop Next

Aid agencies do operate in Somalia, however workers have been kidnapped and killed as well as facing other threats. Most of the work in Somalia is to get humanitarian aid in quickly then withdraw and leave longer term planning until there is some semblance of order in the country.

As a result, millions are suffering both physical and emotional trauma as well as shortages of life essentials. Find out more about Somalia today in the profile articles above.

 
 


Volunteer Work
Opportunities

African Volunteer Work Opportunities


Get Your
Free Listing!

African Volunteer Directory


Latest TEFL
Jobs in Africa

TEFL Jobs in Africa


Sponsor a Child
Somalia

Sponsor a Child Somalia