By the 1800s Sierra
Leone, whilst then a British colony, was much smaller than its present day area
insofar as much of the land was still ruled by its indigenous people.
Over the next decades British rule extended either by treaty, agreement or by
other means until it exerted full control over the area, mainly in order to
exclude the French.
In April 1961 Sierra Leone was
granted full independence from the United Kingdom and elections were arranged
for May 1962 in which the Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP) were victorious.
few years later military rule was imposed following a further election in 1967
however just over a year later democracy was restored. By 1991 there was an air
of corruption in the politics of Sierra Leone and civil war broke out; a war in
which tens of thousands died and over one third of the population was displaced. The precipitating
factors for the civil war were an underlying sense of injustice
that the ruling classes were benefiting from the income
generated from alluvial diamond mining whilst the poor remained
Today the poor are still poor with boys in particular, as
they mature into adulthood, still having the scars of their child soldier years.