With a population of
around 87,000 the islands suffered their first coup d'état a year after
independence in which President James Mancham was replaced by France Albert
René, the country's Prime Minister, who, two years later declared a one party
state that survived until 1991.
As a result of the coup, some 10,000 islanders fled the country and
the following years saw mutinies and failed coup attempts to restore Mancham to
By 1991 René bowed to increasing pressure to restore multi-party politics and he
introduced a new constitution that led to elections in 1993 which he duly won.
He was re-elected in 1998 and 2001, standing down in 2004 in favour of his
deputy, who in turn was elected democratically in 2006.
Today the Seychelles is run by the President and his appointed cabinet, who are
subject to approval by the country's legislature. The Seychelles is made up of
115 different islands; an archipelago that is home to a wide range of wildlife
including giant tortoises. Its economy relies on tourism and fishing. Outcomes
for children are good, with high levels of literacy and health care.