Senegal Profile

The Republic of Senegal with its population of some twelve and a half million is one of the jewels in the crown of Africa insofar as despite its poverty it offers a model of democratic stability. The area now known as Senegal was inhabited in prehistoric times according to archaeological finds.

It was once part of the Ghana Empire and, like so much of Africa, became a place of trade with European countries with France infiltrating the Senegal mainland by the 1850s having previously owned the off shore island of Goree. Goree Island had been used as a major slave trading point for the transport of slaves between Africa and the New World peaking in the 18th Century.

In 1959 the French Sudan and Senegal merged into the Mali Federation which went on to achieve independence in 1960.

However this arrangement was short lived with the French Sudan breaking away to form the Republic of Mali, and Senegal reverting to its former name the same year.

In 1982 Senegal formed another brief confederation with the Gambia to form Senegambia however seven years later this to was dissolved.

Following peaceful elections in 2000 the rule of the Socialist Party came to an end ushering in a new period of multi-party politics, however the country faces many challenges from increasing desertification in the north, widespread poverty reaching 75% in rural areas, many of the country's young leaving to seek employment elsewhere particularly Europe, poor healthcare and educational provision and the ongoing conflict in Casamance region in the south of the country where there is a strong separatist movement.

Senegal is in 154th place out of 186 countries and territories in 2013 when ranked in terms of life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living standards of a country.



 
 
 
 
 
 

Senegal Profile

Senegal Profile

Senegal Profile

Senegal Profile

 


Senegal History

Senegal History

The history about Senegal from colonial to modern times in pictures and images.
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Senegal Culture

Senegal Culture

A brief review of Senegal culture and traditions including religions and festivals.
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Volunteer Senegal

Volunteer Work Senegal

Check out all the latest African volunteer work placements and opportunities in Senegal.
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Senegal Profile

Senegal Profile

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Senegal is also noted for the developing issue of its talibé street children (right) who are sent to Koranic schools but who spend most of their time begging on the streets of urban areas such as Dakar, then face a harsh regime on their return to school if they have failed to collect enough. Whilst the government has signed up to and is committed to all aspects of international conventions of the rights of children, this practise is deeply embedded within Senegal's culture. On the pages referenced above you can check out all about Senegal, its people, history and culture in greater depth.

 
 


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