Niger Profile

The land now known as Niger can be traced back to 135 million years BCE following the discovery in 1999 of a dinosaur named Jobaria Tiguidensis, a 20-ton Sauropod.

Just five thousand years ago the land was fertile grassland, but today, following millennia of desertification, 80% of the land locked country is covered by the Sahara desert.

The country had a long experience of European exploration with it becoming occupied by France in 1890 and later turning into a French colony in 1922.

Niger achieved independence on April 3rd 1960, having briefly been an autonomous republic of the French

Community for the two years before independence. Since then, Niger has had a succession of unstable governments, either single party or military, with the latest coup occurring in 2010. Niger has also faced three Tuareg rebellions in 1961-1964, 1990-1995 and more recently in 2007-2009.

Such instability has done little to address the enormous challenges facing Niger and its peoples; challenges including famine, lack of rainfall and poor harvests and poor access to education or health services.

Like in so many of the poorest countries in Africa, the average is is just 15 years old, with just under half the population being aged 0 -14 years old.

Life expectancy is around 53yrs and over 10% of all children die at birth. Those who survive are at risk of sexual exploitation and human trafficking for enforced begging, enforced working in in gold mines, domestic servitude and also for working in agriculture and stone quarries.

To add to all of these problems is the famine that is sweeping West Africa placing literally millions of already malnourished children at risk of starving to death following years of drought across the region.



 
 
 
 
 
 

Niger Profile

Niger Profile

Niger Profile

Niger Profile

 


Niger Facts

Niger Facts

A video documentary all about the Republic of Niger together with facts and figures.
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Niger Slavery

Niger Slavery

A video documentary about slavery in Niger, a practice made illegal in 2003 but still rampant.
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Volunteer Niger

Volunteer Work Niger

Check out all the latest African volunteer work placements and opportunities in Niger.
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Niger Profile

Niger Profile

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Already some 41,000 children have already dropped out of school because of the crisis and a further half a million are also expected to do so as the situation worsens. Many will never return. Adding to the problem are the tens of thousands of refugees who have fled into Niger following the rebellion in the north of Mali.

This page attempts to present information and facts about Niger in pictures and video images. After you've explored our about Niger collection why not try our Niger quiz and find out how much you know about the country?

 
 


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