Mali Profile

Despite its status as one of the most secure democracies in Africa until the coup of March 2012 and its proposed return to democracy under interim president Dioncounda Traoré after the military junta ceded power on 12th April 2012, Mali is one of the poorest countries on Earth, not least because nearly two thirds of the country is desert. Mali was formed in 1960 following the former colonies of the Sudanese Republic and Senegal achieving their independence from France. The Mali Federation, as was, spilt when Senegal withdrew from the federation and Mali became an independent state ruled by dictatorship until 1991, when free and fair elections were established.

The March 2012 coup in Mali and unfolding events in the north of the country are explored in our Mali news section below. Mali is in 182nd place out of 186 countries and territories in 2013 when ranked in terms of life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living standards of a country.

The population of the country has a staggering 48.3% aged 14 or younger, with over 8.6% of all children in Mali being born either dead or dying shortly after birth. 4000 children in Mali are forced to live on the streets, begging to survive, and easy targets for exploitation, including child trafficking.

With a population of around 13.44 million, life expectancy in Mali is just 50 years and there are 116 deaths for every 1000 births with some 75,000 children orphaned through AIDS alone out of a total orphan population of 710,000 out of a total child population of 6,507,000. Just 56% of children have access to safe water and 74% of the population are illiterate with one third suffering from chronic malnourishment.

Given the high proportion of young children in Mali demography, it is hardly surprising that children in Mali start working at an early age, if not labouring, then looking after their younger siblings. As such, encouraging children, particularly girls, to attend and stay in education is often very difficult.



 
 
 
 
 

Mali Profile

Mali Profile

Mali Profile

Mali Profile

 


Ancient Mali

About Ancient Mali

A video about the history of the ancient Empire of Mali, reaching the height of its power by the 14th century.
More >

 


Mali School

Mali School

A video about Mali school classrooms with Mali school children describing school life.
More >

 


Volunteer Mali

Volunteer Work Mali

Check out all the latest African volunteer work placements and opportunities in Mali.
More >

 
 

Mali Profile

Mali Profile

Previous Auto/Stop Next

Mali is heavily dependent on foreign aid to survive and is working closely with organisations such as the International Monetary Fund to restructure its economy which has been mainly based on the export of gold and cotton and with children often working unpaid in dangerous agricultural conditions, denied an education. However progress has been put on hold after the March 2012 coup and an insurgency in the north led by National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) who declared an insurrection against Mali rule that would continue for as long as the government in Bamako refused to acknowledge it as a separate territory. For more about Mali check out the information articles above.

 
 


Volunteer Work
Opportunities

African Volunteer Work Opportunities


Get Your
Free Listing!

African Volunteer Directory


Latest TEFL
Jobs in Africa

TEFL Jobs in Africa


Sponsor a Child
in Mali

Sponsor a Child in Mali