Malawi Profile

Malawi is situated in Central Africa and was a former British colony called Nyasaland that was established in 1891and became independent as the nation of Malawi in 1964. It is now a democratic country with its first ever free elections in May 1994, although that and subsequent election results have been deemed 'irregular'.

Despite being a former British protectorate, Malawi is one of the ten poorest countries on the planet and is in 170th place out of 186 countries and territories in 2013 when ranked in terms of life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living standards of a country.

85% of its population live in rural areas and overall over half its population are living on less than 60p a day; life expectancy is just 52 years with many suffering from malaria, tuberculosis and HIV-AIDS, with nearly 12% of the adult population being infected with HIV alone. In fact, the death rate is so severe that nearly half of the population (45.8%) is under the age of 14.

Part of the reason for the lack of resources chronic and underdevelopment in Malawi was the mismanagement of the economy by President Hastings Kamuzu Banda for thirty years after the country's independence.

However, after he left power in the 1990s, political stability has provided a footing for a reformation of the country with the privatisation of many loss making state run institutions. Uranium exports are also helping to boost export earnings in a move away from reliance on foreign humanitarian aid.

However the country is often afflicted by severe famines with the famine of 2005 affecting over four million of the country's inhabitants, leaving them without proper food supplies. The United Nations declared the situation in Malawi "as one of the world's worst humanitarian crises".



 
 
 
 
 

Malawi Profile

Malawi Profile

Malawi Profile

Malawi Profile

 


Malawi History

Malawi History

How one of Africa's poorest nations made a smooth transition from dictatorship to democracy.
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AIDS in Malawi

AIDS in Malawi

Facts and a social profile of HIV Aids in Malawi where 7% of the population are affected.
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Volunteer Malawi

Volunteer Work Malawi

Check out all the latest African volunteer work placements and opportunities in Malawi.
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Malawi Profile: This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license

Malawi Profile

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As ever, education is the key to change, however poverty is so rife, many Malawi children spurn school in order to beg for food for themselves and their families. Child sponsorship programmes are beginning to turn this around by attracting children into the classroom in exchange for at least one square meal a day. Those Malawi children benefit from learning in general but specifically regarding how to develop the agricultural base of Malawi and how to prevent the spread of AIDS. All this costs money of course and without international aid, these much needed programmes for change would falter. These pages provide a complete profile of Malawi today.

 
 


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