Life expectancy is around 48 years with one in ten children dying at birth and
one in five children dead before their fifth birthday, it also has one of the
world's poorest school enrolments and over half the population are illiterate.
Despite being rich
in resources such as diamonds, uranium, timber, gold and oil, 67% of the
population live on less than 60p a day and whilst GDP in Sub-Saharan Africa has
risen by 78% since 1985, its barely risen by 10% in the Central African Republic
and amongst the six most least developed countries in the world, it is the only
one not to have made any progress in the last twenty years. 90% of the
population are unemployed, 34% live without clean water and a staggering 69%
don't have access to a toilet.
It is estimated that
the number of displaced persons in the Central African Republic varies from
120,000 to 200,000 and these adults and children are at particular risk of
trafficking in a country already well known as a source, transit, and
destination for human trafficking particularly children who are sold for sexual
exploitation, domestic servitude, street vending, and forced agricultural, mine,
market and restaurant labour. Other children from the Central African Republic
are sold abroad to Cameroon, Nigeria,
and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Roles are very traditional in
the Central African Republic with women being responsible for the household and
gathering of food whilst males fish and hunt and subsistence farm where they
haven't been driven from their land. Meals are prepared around staple foods such
as okra, cassava, rice, pumpkins, and plantains and, when available served with
fish or meat.
a society comprised of 35% indigenous beliefs, 25% Protestant, 25% Roman
Catholic and 15% Muslim, church plays an important role outside formal services
as they organise many activities and support groups for all age groups
including, of course, football.
Important dates include March 29th, the death of former president Boganda, May
1st Labour day and of course Republic day on 13th August to celebrate
independence from France.