Liberia Profile

Liberia, with its population of some three and a half million people, is located on the west cost of Africa bordered by Sierra Leone on its west, Guinea to the north, the Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire) to the east and the Atlantic Ocean to its south. There are few countries in Africa which epitomise the failure of an independent state more than the Republic of Liberia. It is as though everything that could go wrong has gone wrong and, once again, it is the people who are denied a meaningful existence or future due to the greed and authoritarianism of its rulers, all the more ironic as Liberia was founded by former American and Caribbean slaves seeking a new free way of life.

Liberia enjoyed a period of relative calm until 1980 when Master Sergeant Samuel Doe staged a military coup killing the President William R. Tolbert, Jr. and executed most of his cabinet. Doe then suspended the constitution effectively ending Africa's first republic. The level of repression led to a prolonged civil war that erupted in 1989 headed by Charles Taylor in which President Doe was captured, tortured the killed the following year.

Years of warfare continued however Taylor was elected president in 1997 with the backing of former Libya President Muammar al-Gaddafi. Taylor's regime was just as harsh and brutal as its predecessor and further conflict erupted across the country in 1999 with international concern that Taylor was supporting rebels in neighbouring Sierra Leone. A state of emergency was declared by Taylor in January 2002. By August 2003 Taylor had been forced to step down and leave the country with the United Nations launching a major peacekeeping mission, however tensions between various grouping led to ongoing outbreaks of violence. In 2006 Taylor appeared before a UN backed court in Sierra Leone faced with charges of crimes against humanity and his trial ended in April 2012 with him being found guilty of all eleven charges levied against him. He was sentenced the following month to fifty years in prison.

Today Liberia reflects on a fourteen year long civil war in which 250,000 lives were lost out of its small population of 3.5 million, its infrastructure destroyed, 83.7% of its population living below the recognised poverty threshold and 111 out of every 1000 children dying before their fifth birthday. Life expectancy overall is just 45 years and employment is just 15% of the population.



 
 
 
 
 



Liberia Profile

Liberia Profile

Liberia Profile

Liberia Profile

 


Liberia History

Liberia History

A brief history and timeline about Liberia from ancient to modern times and the civil war.
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Monrovia Profile

Monrovia Profile

Take a virtual tour of Monrovia the capital city of Liberia in this video.

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Volunteer Liberia

Volunteer Work Liberia

Check out all the latest African volunteer work placements and opportunities in Liberia.
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Liberia Profile

Liberia Profile

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Since democracy was restored in Liberia following fourteen years of civil war, the reconciliation process is ongoing as are attempts to rebuild the nation's shattered economy. UN troops are now slowly withdrawing from Liberia with state security taking over. Liberia is in 174th place out of 186 countries and territories in 2013 when ranked in terms of life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living standards of a country. The above video shows a more optimistic view of Liberia and its future whilst above find out more facts about Liberia in a series of video documentaries and articles. 

 
 


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