Lake Turkana

 

Lake Turkana


Lake Turkana, situated in the Great Rift Valley in northern Kenya and protruding into Ethiopia, is the world's largest desert lake and is surrounded by volcanic rocks. Turkana itself is home to crocodiles and scorpions, with Central Island in Lake Turkana being an active volcano and a World Heritage site. The lake provides for around 300,000 people living nearby and supports an active fishing industry. It is about 180 miles long, although around eight thousand years ago it was around seventy miles longer and flowed northwards into the Nile.



Lake Turkana was the last of the Great Lakes to be 'discovered' in 1888 by the Austro-Hungarian explorer Count Samuel Teleki de Szek who named it Lake Rudolf after his friend the then Crown Prince of Austria, however its name was changed by the Kenyan government in 1975 to Lake Turkana after the Turkana tribe that inhabits its shores. Other tribes living close to lake Turkana include the Boran, the Gabbra, the Samburu, the Shangilla and the Rendilli, as well as the Luo and Somali.


Lake Turkana


Whilst Lake Turkana now has no outlet, its main source of replenishment of the twelve rivers that flow into the lake is the River Omo which accounts for between 80-90% of its influx. However the government of Ethiopia is constructing the huge Gilgel Glibe III Dam on that river raising fears the Lake Turkana may dry up with serious implications for an already water scarce Kenya. The lake's second largest inflowing river, the Turkwel River, is also being dammed for hydroelectric power generation. The other main tributary is the river Kerio. The video documentary (below) provides an overview of Lake Turkana and the challenges it faces.




Lake Turkana: Kenya Country Profile

African Country Profiles: Kenya


In another of our African country profiles, find out all about Kenya in a series of information articles, latest daily news, videos, and images together with volunteering and child sponsorship opportunities.

More >







Lake Turkana: Main Lakes of Africa

About Africa: Main Lakes


Videos, information and profiles about some of the major lakes in Africa where you may be volunteering.

More >




Back  



Main sections of this site:


Volunteer by Country

Details of current volunteer work
opportunities in each of the
countries of Africa.

More >


Sponsor a Child
Sponsor a Child in Africa

Find how to sponsor a child in Africa
with our list of organisations,
charities, programs and projects.

More >


All About Africa

Discover all about Africa, its tourist
attractions, history, people, culture
and daily life there.

More >


African Resources

A treasure trove of African
resources from webcams to
free downloads and news.

More >