Equatorial Guinea Profile

With a population of under one million, the tiny country of Equatorial Guinea together with its five occupied islands gained independence from Spain in 1968.

True to form, its first president, Francisco Macías Nguema created a one party state within two years and started on a reign of terror that led to the death or exile of around one third of the country's then population.

As with so many other newly emerging African countries, foreign investment dried up, Equatorial Guinea's skilled population fled and the economy effectively collapsed.

In 1979 there was a coup d'état deposing Nguema and installing Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo as president over a notionally democratic state, but in essence one controlled by presidential decree.

Today Equatorial Guinea is a large exporter of oil being sub-Saharan Africa's third largest oil exporter and, as such, has a thriving economy, however very little of that wealth has extended to the poorer in society where some 70% of the country live below the United Nation's poverty threshold.

There are allegations that most of this wealth is siphoned off into the pockets of the ruling elite and the country's current president is facing worldwide investigations for corruption.

Equatorial Guinea is in 136th place out of 186 countries and territories in 2013 when ranked in terms of life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living standards of a country (see chart below).

The majority of the child population of the country live without electricity, basic education or heath care facilities and live within families making a living of subsistence farming whilst the offshore oil industry engages mainly foreign workers.



 
 
 
 
 


Equatorial Guinea Profile

Equatorial Guinea Profile

Equatorial Guinea Profile

Equatorial Guinea Profile

 


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Equatorial Guinea Profile

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Equatorial Guinea Profile


Human Development Index Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea Profile

Equatorial Guinea ProfileIn Equatorial Guinea one in five children die before the age of five usually from diarrhoea, cholera and other diseases linked to poor water supplies with clean water only being available to less than half of the population.

Around half of the child population of the country live in single parent homes, normally because of high levels of adult mortality due to HIV/AIDS which is currently running at 5% of the population with 5000 out of the country's child population of 317,000 orphaned through the virus.

Equatorial Guinea's constitution enshrines the protection of children's physical and psychological health and normal development however child labour is both legal and widespread.

 
 


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