The basis of the war was that Rwanda and
Uganda wanted to control the perceived riches of the
Democratic Republic of Congo having installed Kabila as
president only to find he wanted their troops out of the
country fearing they would in turn oust him and install a
Tutsi subservient to Rwanda's President Paul Kagame.
The war itself,
which was to outlast Kabila after he was assassinated in
2001, lasted 4 years, 11 months, 2 weeks and 2 days and took
the lives of around 5,400,000 people, mostly through
disease; the most causalities of any war in earth's history,
save for the Second World War.
It was a war that still simmers today particularly in the
east of the country. Even in 2009 it has been estimated that
around forty five thousand people a month were dying and as
recently as 2012 an estimated 260,000 people were displaced
after eastern Congo rebels seized parts of North Kivu
province with the alleged tacit support of the Rwandan
government, claims Rwanda strongly denies.
Despite this ongoing conflict DRC is currently
seen as a democratic state following successful elections in 2006/2007
even if the DRC army isn't fully in control of all of the
country and its borders. However the ongoing warfare has badly scarred the land and its peoples, with a
recent survey suggesting that three quarters of the population being affected by