Congo Profile


Congo Profile

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The Republic of Congo is also known as Congo-Brazzaville and many confuse it with its much larger neighbour to the west of the Congo River. (Incidentally the capital cities of the Republic of Congo and the Democratic Republic of Congo ~ Brazzaville and Kinshasa respectively ~ are the two closest capital cities in the world by proximity, being separated by the area of the Congo River known as Pool Malebo.) However the two 'Congos' are very different in size and population with the Democratic Republic of Congo having a population of 89.56 million (2020) whilst the smaller Republic of Congo has a population of 5,74 million (2022), the majority of whom are located in Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire and the surrounding areas. On independence from France in 1960, the land known as Middle Congo, became the People's Republic of Congo. As with many of the other newly emerging African nations, politics were fraught with internal conflict and instability. Following coups and assassinations, Denis Sassou Nguesso become president of the country in 1979 and aligned the Republic of Congo firmly with the then USSR, the People's Republic of China and other communist states.



The Republic of Congo was then ruled as a Marxist state. However as the economy crumbled and became increasing infected by corruption, unrest swelled. In 1991 Sassou was stripped of his executive powers by the National Conference and allowed to remain as ceremonial head of state until elections could be called. Marxism was similarly abandoned. In 1992 elections were duely held and won by Pascal Lissouba with Sassou coming third. Lissouba was the first democratically elected president of the Republic of Congo with Sassou remaining as main opposition leader. Within a year Lissouba was accused of rigging the presidential election and conflict had broken out, however was largely quashed with the intervention of Gabon and the Organisation of African Unity. As the 1997 election approached with both Sassou and Lissouba both standing, tensions erupted into civil war with Angola invading the country in support of Sassou.


Republic of Congo Country Profile


On 14th October Lissouba fled the country and Sassou was restored to power and remains there to date having secured 88.57% of the votes in the 2021 election with his nearest challenger, Guy-Brice Parfait Kolelas, finishing second with 7.84%. The situation in the Republic of Congo is considered relatively stable today although there are continued reports of sporadic rebel group activity in the country together with large numbers of displaced people. Congo Brazzaville is in 149th place out of 189 countries and territories in 2019 when ranked in terms of life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living standards with a life expectancy of 64.57 years (2019) and a poverty rate in 2020 of 52.5%, mainly in rural areas. Find out more about the Republic of Congo in our Congo Brazzaville profile pages below.




Congo Profile: Volunteer in Congo Brazzaville

African Volunteer Work: Congo Brazzaville


Check out all the latest fee paying and free African volunteer work placements and charity work job opportunities abroad with local projects and volunteering organisations in Congo Brazzaville.

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Congo Profile: Congo History

Congo History


A brief history of the Republic of the Congo (Congo Brazzaville) together with a history timeline and colonial video.

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Congo Profile: Life in Congo Brazzaville

Life in Congo Brazzaville


Exploring daily life in Congo Brazzaville, its people, infrastructure and customs together with a video showing insights into village life in the Republic of Congo today.

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Congo Profile: Congo Brazzaville Children

Republic of Congo Children


Find out more about children's lives in Congo Brazzaville in pictures and video together with facts and figures.

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Congo Profile: Street Children

Republic of Congo Street Children


Facts, information and video about Congo Brazzaville street children together with details of projects and programs helping street children in the Republic of Congo.

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Congo Profile: Pygmy People

About Africa: Pygmy People


Facts, photos and all about the African pygmy people of the Congo rainforest and surrounding countries.

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Congo Profile: Republic of Congo Education


Education in the Republic of Congo (Congo Brazzaville) together with facts and figures and images of a classroom there and a video about Congo education.

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Congo Profile: Republic of Congo Images

Republic of Congo Images


Images of the Republic of Congo presented in video showing rare images of the country as you have probably never seen it before.

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Congo Profile: Brazzaville Profile

Brazzaville Profile


A complete profile of Brazzaville, capital city of Congo Brazzaville including Brazzaville information, facts, pictures and tourist attractions.

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Congo Profile: Congo Ferry

Congo Ferry


Brazzaville, the capital of the Republic of the Congo, and Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo, are the two closest capital cities anywhere in the world and connected by the Congo ferry.

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Congo Profile: Child Sponsor Congo Brazzaville

Child Sponsor Congo Brazzaville


Details of how to sponsor a child in Congo Brazzaville with Republic of Congo child sponsor organisations, charities, programs and projects.

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Congo Profile: Congo Brazzaville Map

Congo Brazzaville Map


Use this Google Earth satellite map of the Republic of Congo in Africa to explore and take a virtual tour of Congo Brazzaville and zoom in on places of interest.

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Congo Profile: Republic of Congo News

Republic of Congo News


Read all the latest and breaking news from the Republic of Congo here at our Congo Brazzaville news profile page. Updated daily.

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