Chad Profile

Chad is a former French colony in Central Africa that gained its independence in 1960. With a life expectancy of 47.7 years, Chad has been marred by decades of civil war as well as invasions until some semblance of peace was finally achieved in 1990, although there have continued to be rebel insurrections to the present day. Chad is a country where even aid agencies fear to work, with aid workers subject to being taken hostage by bandits, and regular suspension of aid work programs occur due to the severe danger to staff there. Despite being three times the size of California, Chad has a population of just over 10m and just 300 square miles of irrigated land with just 2.8% of the entire country being arable.

Unlike other African countries, Chad is seen to offer little to the outside world, with its poor transport infrastructure including 33,400km of roads of which just 267km are paved. Chad also is off putting to visitors because of its high cost of living.

Child trafficking for sexual and other exploitation remains a major concern about Chad. Many children are taken for domestic servitude and other forms of labour both in Chad and to other neighbouring nations, and there is also evidence of commercial sexual exploitation of children from Cameroon and the Central African Republic being taken into Chad.

Chad is in 184th place out of 186 countries and territories in 2013 when ranked in terms of life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living standards of a country with poverty affecting 55% of the population with most of this poverty concentrated in rural areas, where 87% of the country's poor live.

Most children in Chad have grown up knowing violence and social instability, four out of five can't read (rising to nearly 90% for girls), most don't have access to safe water and for the vast majority electricity is unknown (only an estimated 1-1.5% of the country's population has access to electricity).



 
 
 
 
 

Chad Profile

Chad Profile

Chad Profile

Chad Profile

 


Chad History

Chad History

A video about the history of Chad together with historical images and pictures.
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N'Djamena

N'Djamena

Find out about N'Djamena, the capital city of Chad in this video profile and get rare insights into the city.
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Chad Child Soldiers

Chad Child Soldiers

A United Nations video documentary about the issues regarding the use of child soldiers in Chad.
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Volunteer Chad

Volunteer Work Chad

Check out all the latest African volunteer work placements and opportunities in Chad.
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Chad Profile

Chad Profile

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Lake Chad, after which the country takes its name, is a large shallow inland lake, just thirty-four feet at its deepest point and just under five feet on average. The lake is essential to maintain water supplies to the population, however it has shrunk by an estimated 95% since 1975, a worrying development for a people who rely upon it for their very survival. Agriculture is the main economy of Chad, although oil is now becoming an export. The country is heavily reliant of foreign aid for survival. N’Djaména is the capital of Chad, and has a population of just under one million. The city becomes almost totally waterlogged each summer.

 
 


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