In fact it is estimated that
the number of displaced persons in the Central African Republic varies from
120,000 to 200,000. In 2011 the IDMC
(Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre) estimated that 6% of the entire
population were either internally displaced or living as refugees in
Despite being rich
in resources such as diamonds, uranium, timber, gold and oil, 67% of the
population live on less than 60p a day and whilst GDP in Sub-Saharan Africa has
risen by 78% since 1985, its barely risen by 10% in the Central African Republic
and amongst the six most least developed countries in the world, it is the only
one not to have made any progress in the last twenty years.
This is reflected
in the levels of humanitarian aid which has risen by 54% for the area, but
fallen by 60% for the CAR, making it the lowest recipient of aid in the area,
second only to Cameroon.
Part of the reason for this poverty is the country's
landlocked position coupled with a poor transport system, economic mismanagement
and corruption coupled with an unskilled workforce under half of whom are
illiterate and where life expectancy is just 50 years.
All of this
underpinned by a weak and ineffectual government and a level of violence and
instability that has made aid agencies wary of operating in the country.
The video below explores the conflict in the Central African
Republic and its impact on poverty in the country.