That civil war devastated the country's social and economic fabric leaving an
already impoverished country in 178th place
out of 187 countries and territories in 2011 when ranked in terms of life
expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living standards of a country.
The war also created 100,000 internally displaced people within Burundi with a further 352,640 Burundi refugees living in Tanzania, 17,777 refugees in the Democratic Republic of Congo
and 4400 in Rwanda, in addition to those who had fled further afield.
Their return since 2006 has also created problems with property and land
order to survive, Burundi is now dependent on foreign aid, but even with that
aid, over half the children there under the age of five suffer from chronic
Nearly half the population is aged fourteen years and under and
11% of all children in Burundi die at birth, with 19% dying before their fifth
birthday, one of the highest child mortality rates in the world mainly due to
malaria, diarrhoea, and pneumonia.
80% of the population live in poverty, 53% of
all Burundi children suffering from stunted growth as a result of a poor or
inadequate diet and few children go to school, particularly those of an age for
secondary education where figures are as low as 8% in some areas due to a lack
of qualified teachers and adequate supplies.