Angola Profile

The area now known as Angola became home to Portuguese settlers and traders in the 16th Century, and became a Portuguese Colony in 1655, before its status changed when it became a province of Portugal in 1951.

By the end of that decade there was growing unrest in the province, mainly due to enforced cotton harvesting and the Angolan War of Independence erupted in 1961, lasting a long fourteen years and ending with independence just as Portugal's own regime fell.

Angola was given independence on 11th November 1975, however, despite a long and bloody war to

overthrow Portugal, a further twenty-seven year civil war raged until 2002 as the country broke down into factions. It is estimated that around one and a half million of the country's eighteen million citizens were killed during this Angola war, with millions more being displaced.

Today Angola is ruled by a president who held legislative elections in 2008, but not the promised presidential election in 2009. Ravaged by decades of war, the country faces many acute problems, not least being the landmines that litter the country, presenting an imminent danger to transport and life there. In fact, visitors are strongly advised not to even venture outside the capital city of Luanda.

Angola is in 148th place out of 186 countries and territories in 2013 when ranked in terms of life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living standards of a country with a life expectancy for males and females at a staggering low 48 years and Angola has one of the highest infant mortality rates of any country in the world.

Half of all children in Angola live below the poverty line, just 51% of the child population has access to safe water supplies and 16% of all children are underweight. Yet, despite a high level of disease and low take up rates of education, improvements are being felt across the country as stability takes hold.



 
 
 
 
 

Angola Profile

Angola Profile

Angola Profile

Angola Profile

 


Angola History

Angola History

A video documentary about the history of Angola from the arrival of the Portuguese.
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Angola Poverty

Angola Poverty

A video about poverty in Angola together with facts, figures and pictures.

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Volunteer Angola

Volunteer Work Angola

Check out all the latest African volunteer work placements and opportunities in Angola.
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Angola Profile: This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license

Angola Profile

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Despite this, there are thousands of children living on the streets of Luanda, living in extreme poverty and at risk of emotional, physical and sexual exploitation. And children across Angola have been affected by the decades of war, facing displacement, violence, starvation and the loss of family members, scarring them for life.

Synopsis: Angola is about five times the size of the UK although its population is under twenty million. It is still rebuilding after a 27 year civil war that ended in 2002.

 
 


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